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Uint 5

Topic 1

习惯用语:live with sb 与某人一起居住 places of interest名胜 millions of成百万上千万,数以百万计all over/ around/ throughout the world世界各地such as例如(后跟名词短语) the birthplace of…… 发源地a number of一些,许多(饰复数名词,做主语时谓复) the number of……的数量(饰复数名词,做主语时谓单)fetch sb. sth./fetch sth. for sb. 给某人取某物 go through穿过lie in位于 lie on 毗邻 (接壤) lie to 位于……附近 (不接壤) be worth doing sth.值得做某事 hear of听说make one’s dream come true= realize one’s dream实现梦想 lose oneself in…沉浸于…… above在……的上方; on 在……(表面)上 over在……的(垂直)正上方,(还表跨越、覆盖)not only…but also…不仅……而且……(领近原则) the surrounding area of周边地区be surrounded with /by flowers被花朵包围 be surrounded on three sides by mountains三面环山the home of……之乡 be known/famous as 作为……而著称 be known/famous for 因为……而著称 connect A with B 将A与B连接/联系起来regard…as 把……看作 go on a visit to= visit 参观……break down损坏;分解;抛锚 take away拿走 be covered with被……覆盖 do outdoor activities做户外活动 at the same time同时

重点句型:1)It’s two years since Mr. and Mrs. Green came to China.= Mr. and Mrs. Green have been in China for two years,(1)They're the birthplaces of Chinese culture.她们是中国文化的发源地(2)…,I can fetch you Guide to China.It’s a book which introduces China in detail.(3)Tibet is in the southwest of China,isn't it?(4)…they are well worth visiting.(5)That’s the most fantastic place that I have ever heard of.(6)The scenery is so attractive that visitors often lose themselves in it.(7)Hong Kong is known as the Oriental Pearl and Shopping Heaven.(8)People's way of life in the north is quite different from that in the south.(9)…,but people in the south travel not only by land but also by water.

Topic 2

习惯用语:in the field/ area of 在……领域learn from sb.向某人学习 at the age of在……年龄in one's thirties在某人三十几岁时 be proud of以……为傲,为……而骄傲 take pride in以……为傲,为……而骄傲be the pride of是……的骄傲 die of死于……search the Internet上网搜索search +某地+for sth. 搜查某地找某物as soon as……就…… take an active part in积极参加set up建立,创立 bring down推翻pass away去世;消失 be full of充满…… give a lecture演讲;讲课achieve the victory of取得……的胜利wipe out彻底消灭,全部摧毁 succeed in doing成功做……



重点句型: (1)He was a great thinker who had many wise ideas and thoughts about nature and human behavior. (2)He spent the rest of his life teaching and writing. (3)…the Chinese people are proud of. (4)It's hard to believe!(5)When he was in his thirties,he took an active part in the battle against the Qing dynasty. (6)Unfortunately,Sun Yat-sen broke down from hard work and passed away full of regrets on March 12th. 1925. (7)…,the Red Army succeeded in arriving in Gansu Province in 1936. (8)Confucius Was a great man whose sayings are still very famous.



1、spend的主语必须是人, 常用于以下结构:(1) spend time /money on sth. 在……上花费时间(金钱)。例:I spent two hours on this maths problem. 这道数学题花了我两个小时。(2) spend time / money (in) doing sth. 花费时间(金钱)做某事。例:They spent two years (in) building this bridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间。 

2、cost的主语是物或某种活动, 还可以表示“值”, 常见用法如下:(1)sth. costs (sb.) +金钱,某物花了(某人)多少钱。例:A new computer costs a lot of money. 买一台新电脑要花一大笔钱。(2) (doing) sth. costs (sb.) +时间,某物(做某事)花了(某人)多少时间。例:Remembering these new words cost him a lot of time. 他花了大量时间才记住了这些单词。 注意:cost的过去式及过去分词都是cost,并且不能用于被动句。 

3、take后面常跟双宾语, 常见用法有以下几种:(1) It takes sb. +时间+to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时间。例:It took them three years to build this road. 他们用了三年时间修完了这条路。(2)doing sth. takes sb. +时间,做某事花了某人多少时间。例:Repairing this car took him the whole afternoon. 他花了一下午修车。 

4、pay的基本用法是:(1) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买……。例:I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我每个月要付20英磅的房租。(2)pay for sth. 付……的钱。例:I have to pay for the book lost. 我不得不赔丢失的书款。(3)pay for sb. 替某人付钱。例:Don’t worry! I'll pay for you. 别担心, 我会给你付钱的。(4)pay sb. 付钱给某人。 例: They pay us every month.他们每月给我们报酬。(5)pay money back 还钱。例:May I borrow 12 yuan from you? I'll pay it back next week. 你能借给我12块钱吗?下周还你。(6)pay off one's money还清钱

Topic 3

习惯用语: show (sb.)around/round someplace带领(某人)参观某地 show sb. sth. =show sth. to sb. 把某物给某人看 in the year of the dragon 在龙年 a symbol of……的象征 play an important part in在……中起重要作用 promise (sb.) to do sth.(向某人)承诺做某事encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事 either...or... 者……或者... not as/so…as…不如……一样…… both…and…两者都……neither... nor... 既不……也不…… play chess下棋in memory of…为了纪念… depend on依靠;取决于;信赖 fight against+事物名词“为反对……而斗争” fight against+人或国家“与……战斗”fight for+抽象名词 为(事业,自由,真理,权利)而斗争 win+比赛,战斗,奖品 打赢……,获得……be similar to 和……相似 be the same as和……一样the writer and speaker作家兼演说家 at the end of在……的末端/尽头,by the end of到……为止

重点句型:(1)That's correct!(2)It also plays an important part in Chinese festivals. (3)My elder brother was born in the year of the dragon…(4)…,but I can't play it as well as my father. .(5)Neither my mother nor my father likes it,…(6)People invented Chinese chess in memory of the famous battle.(7)China is the home of tea,which has more than 4,000 years of history.(8)Tea from China,along with silk and porcelain,begin to be known by the world over a thousand years ago and has been an important Chinese export since then.(9)A friendship between gentlemen is like a cup of tea.

词组的运用:both...and…,either...or...,neither...nor…,not only...but also...e.g.(1)Either Beihai Park or Shichahai is a good place to visit.(2)Both my father and I like it very much.(3)Neither my mother nor my father likes it.


Topic 1


1、 take part in 参加 2、in one’s spare/ free time 在某人的业余时间3、agree with sb.同意某人的意见 4、be ready to do sth.准备好做某事,乐于做某事5、win a prize获得奖品6、give sb. a sudden attack on the(部位) 给某人…一个突然袭击7、be tired of…对……感到厌烦 8、from then on 从那时起9、order sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事 10、fall in love (with sb.) 与某人相爱11、in total总计 12、once upon a time从前=long long ago13、be angry at sth. 对某事感到生气 14、keep secrets 保守秘密15、pay attention to…注意 16、a homeless/ running /lucky dog丧家犬/走狗/幸运儿17、stand for 代表 18、have a huge /bad influence on…在…….方面起了巨大/ 坏的影响19、ways of doing sth. 做某事的方式 20、keep…away from… 使……远离…….21、a waste of time 浪费时间 22、do research 做研究23、support one’s view 支持某人的观点


1、It’s nothing.没什么2、It is hard for me to learn to play Chinese chess. 对于我来说学下中国象棋是很困难的.3、I’m tired of watching those shows. 我对看那些节目感到厌烦.4、Which program do you prefer, TV plays or sports shows? 你更喜欢看哪一种节目,电视剧还是运动节目?5、 ----I would rather watch sports shows. 我更喜欢看运动节目. ----So would I. 我也是.6、The mother of the land was quite angry at what he said.大地的母亲对他所说的相当的生气.7、Whenever scorpions appeared, hunters would hide. 无论蝎子什么时候出现,猎人们都会躲藏起来.8、As we know, there are differences between western culture and Chinese culture.众所周知, 中西方文化存在着不同.


1. I would rather watch TV shows than sports shows. 我宁愿看电视剧而不愿看运动节目.would rather…than…表 “宁愿……而不愿”, 与prefer…to…同义,但它们在结构上不同.前者是 would rather do sth. than do sth.,= would do sth. rather than do sth.…;后者是 prefer doing sth. to doing sth. =prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. eg: I would rather stay at home than go out. = I prefer staying at home to going out.= I would stay at home rather than go out..=I prefer to stay at home rather go out.我宁愿呆在家中而不愿出去. 2. Was his wife still alive? 他的妻子还活着吗?alive 表 “活着的”, 常修饰人,而不修饰物. 一般作表语或宾补.living 同义, 既可修饰人, 也可修饰物. 在句中既可作定语也可作表语.eg: The old woman is still alive/living.(作表语) 那个老人还活着.The king wanted to keep Gulliver alive.(作宾补) 国王想让格利佛活着.There is no living things on Mars.(作定语) 火星上没有生物.3. She ordered a scorpion to hide in the dark to attack him.order sb. to do sth. 命令/要求某人去做某事order sth for sb./ sth. 为某人/ 某物订购某物eg: The doctor ordered me to stay in bed. 医生命令我好好呆在床上休息.He often orders books for his son. 他经常为他的儿子订书.She ordered a suit for her dog. 她为她的狗订购了一套衣服.4. However, sometimes you do not forgive others.然而, 你有时不会原谅别人.forgive sb. sth. 原谅某人某事forgive sb. for doing sth. 请求别人原谅所做的事eg: She could forgive him anything. 她会原谅他的任何事.Please forgive me for disturbing you. 请原谅我打扰你了.5. But in western countries, dogs are considered honest and good friends of humans但是在西方国家, 狗被认为是诚实的, 是人类的好朋友.honest 用作形容词, 表 “诚实的; 正直的” . 在句中可作定语, 表语或宾补.He is an honest man. = The man is honest. 他是一个诚实的人.固定搭配: be honest with sb. 对某人坦诚相待to be honest 说实话, 老实说

Topic 2


1、work hard at…在……方面努力工作 2、works of art艺术作品3、according to根据 4、the introduction to the painting 画的介绍5、express strong feelings 表达强烈的情感 6、in the distance 在远处7、make up one’s mind to do sht.下定决心做某 8、express the real meaning of friendship 说明了友谊的真正含义9、walk through the desert穿过沙漠 10、have an argument争辩/吵11、slap sb. in the face 打了某人一计耳光 12、with the help of+ with one’s help在某人的帮助下13、keep on doing sth. 继续做某事 14、take a bath 洗澡15、get stuck in 陷入…… 16、can’t help doing sth.情不自禁地做某事17、erase…from… 从……当中抹/擦掉 18、be good at hiding 善于隐身19、save one’s life救了某人的命 20、catch up with追上,赶上


1. It is a pity that he died when he was very young. 遗憾的是, 他英年早逝.2. What (do you think) are the most important things I need to know about paintings?你认为,关于绘画, 我需要知道的最重要的事情是什么?3. Well, that depends on what kind of paintings you want to learn.4. Then you can decide whether you want to become a painter or not.(宾语从句)那时你就能决定是否想成为一名画家.5. It says here that Gu Kaizhi is quite good at painting figures.( 宾语从句) 这儿写着顾恺之尤其擅长画人物画.6. The way he shows things in the distance is different from the way Gu Kaizhi does.(定语从句) 他描绘远景的方式与顾恺之不同.7. Perhaps that is the reason why I prefer to paint landscapes.(定语从句)也许那就是我为什么更喜欢画风景画的原因.8. …, it was Sandy and Pigsy who helped the Monkey King win every battle.(定语从句)沙僧和猪八戒帮助美猴王赢得每一次战役的胜利.9. One tree can’t make a forest. 独木不成林.10. But without saying anything, he wrote in the sand. 但什么也没说,他写在了沙子中.


1. paint 与draw 都具有 “绘画”的含义,但有很大区别paint 表示用颜料等画带有色彩的画, 如油画、水彩画及画正式的肖像画。draw 表用蜡笔、铅笔、钢笔等各种笔画,并且通常画得比较简单。eg: He is drawing a horse on the blackboard. 他正在黑板上画一匹马。The artist painted in water colors. 那个画家用水彩作画。2. I want to know if it is difficult to be an artist.= I wonder if it is difficult to be an artist. 我想知道成为艺术家是否很难。If you work hard at painting, it won’t be difficult for to succeed. 如果你努力画画,对你来说成功并不难。前句中的if表 “是否”,引导宾语从句; 后句中的if表 “如果”,引导条件状语从句。3. The shorter boy got stuck in the mud and started to sink…小个子男孩陷进泥里,开始下沉……get stuck 是系表结构, stuck是过去分词作表语, 表被动. 4. However, when someone does something good for you, you should carve it on a stone from which the wind can never erase it.(定语从句). 然而, 当有人做了对你有益的事情, 你应当把它刻在石头上, 这样决不会被风抹掉.erase…from….. “把……从……清除/ 抹掉”,此句中的定语从句的关系代词在介词之后,只能用which不能用 that. eg: What can we learn about by reading books in which heroes fight against their enemies? 通过看那些书中;英雄人物对抗敌人的书本,我们能了解到什么呢?

Topic 3


1、graduate from…从…….毕业 2、a graduation ceremony 毕业典礼3、prepare for为……做准备 4、first of all 首先(强调事物排列顺序和时间先后)5、at first 起初,最先(指事情的开始与后来的发展有差异)6、above all首先(强调事物的重要性)7、pass the final examination 通过毕业考 8、think back on/ to…回想起;追忆9、have a class get-together 开同学聚会 10、with pleasure 很乐意11、send photos to each other互赠相片 12、dozens of… 几十……13、as the saying goes 常言道 14、a large package of…一大袋子……15、beg your pardon请求你的原谅 16、go camping 去野营17、last forever 永远持续18、have many unforgettable memories of…拥有许多…….的难忘的记忆19、get along well with…与……相处融洽 20、to one’s joy 令某人高兴的是21、chat with sb. 与某人聊天 22、take photos with sb.与某人合影23、come to an end 结束 24、continue to do sth. 继续做某事25、hurry up 赶快 26、any time now 随时;马上27、head back home 动身回家;朝回家的路走 28、have a great future 拥有美好的未来29、give a big hug to sb. 与某人紧紧地拥抱 30、have a safe flight 旅途平安31、keep our dreams alive 让我们的梦想常在 32、bring about带来,引起,导致


1. How time flies! 光阴似箭!2. It’s a piece of cake. 小菜一碟。(这是很容易做的事)3. We have worked so hard that we will be able to pass it easily.我们如此努力地学习,以致于我们能轻易地通过。4. I will say I have learned not only how to study, but also how to be a man.我要说的是我不仅学会了如何学习,而且学会了如何做人。5. Where there is a will , there is a way. 有志者事竟成。6. Although they are cheap, they are valuable to remember our friendship.尽管它们很便宜,但它们具有记住我们友谊的价值。7. As the saying goes, It’s the thought that counts. 常言道,礼轻情义重。8. I just want to beg your pardon. 我只想请求你的原谅。9. You don’t need to say sorry for anything.你不需要为一些事说抱歉。10. Here she comes! 她来了。


1. This weekend we’ll graduate from Ren’ai International School!本周末我们将从仁爱国际学校毕业。1) graduate 作动词是,表 “毕业”,相当于leave school,其名词形式为graduationeg: He graduated in 1999. = He left school in 1999.2) graduate from + 学校 表 “从某个学校毕业” graduate in + 专业 表 “毕业于某专业”eg: He graduated from Peking University last year. 去年他从北京大学毕业。He graduated in English at a famous University.他毕业于一所名牌大学的外语专业。3) 作名词时,表“毕业生”eg: He is a history gradute. 他是历史系的毕业生。Each graduate will receive a piece of paper called a diploma.每个毕业生将会收到一张毕业证书。2. Thinking back on these three years, I learned if I want to succeed, I must study hard first.回想起过去的三年,我领悟到要想取得成功,首先必须努力学习。think back on/ to “回想起,追忆” 如:When I think back on/to those things, I miss my friends a lot.当我回想起那些事情时,我就非常想念我的朋友。3. …and write some words on the blackboard with color chalks.用彩色粉笔在黑板上写几句话。1)chalk “粉笔”,不可数名词,若表示“一支粉笔”时,则用a piece of chalk;而不用a chalk.2)当表示各种颜色的粉笔时,则可数。4. I’ve got dozens of cards. 我准备了许多贺卡。1) dozen作可数名词,意为“(一)打;十二;几十;许多”Give me a dozen, please. 请给我一打。2) 当和数词连用后面跟名词时,dozen不加s,其后也不跟of 。eg: two dozen eggs 两打鸡蛋 three dozen apples 三打苹果3) dozen后加s时,常与of连用,意为“几十;许多”,表不明确的数目。dozens of… 几十 hundreds of…几百;成百上千 thousands of…几千;成千上万5. What I will remember are all the good times we’ve spent together.我所记得的只是我们共同度过的美好时光。time 表示 “(好/倒霉/艰难的)时光;时日;岁月”或“次数”时,可数。表时间时,不可数。如:We had a good time yesterday. 昨天我们玩得很愉快。It’s best to forget the bad times and just remember the good ones.最好忘掉不愉快的岁月,只记住美好的日子。You should make good use of your time.你们要好好利用时间。6. to one’s joy 使某人高兴的是 to one’s surprised 使某人惊讶的是eg: To my joy, I became the owner of an MP3 last week. 使我高兴的是,上周我拥有了自己的MP3。To our surprised, Jim didn’t pass the exam. 令我们惊讶的是,吉姆没通过考试。7. take photos of sb. 为某人拍照 take photos with sb. 与某人合影8. It means change, and leaving behind unforgettable faces and places.9. 它意味着变化,意味着把那些不能忘却的面容和地方留在记忆深处。leave…behind “忘了带;遗忘;把……抛在后面”I think I left my glasses (behind) at home. 我想我把我的眼镜忘在家里了。She knew that she had left childhood behind. 她知道童年已一去不复返了。10. I’m sad to be here watching you all head back home. 在这里看着你们动身回家,我真有点伤心。head 作动词,表 朝(某方向)行进 head back home 朝回家的路行进 head for…朝……行进eg: She headed for the door. 她朝着门口走去.重点语法

定语从句,复习并列连词及各从句注意:严格按照教师的要求进行复习,在老师规定的时间内完成相应的复习任务,课堂上未完成的课后抽时间完成1、 复习单词2、 复习课本上的知识点3、 通读Section A, Section B中的对话,在Section C, Section D 中选择精美的语段熟读背诵一些经典的句子,短语4、 处理英语周报上的分段复习内容5、 处理中考方略上的相应内容6、 由老师安排测验,检查自己的复习情况,并搞好查漏补缺工作。在复习过程中要注意:不要贪多,一点一点地去落实,不懂的地方一定要问老师或同学,直到搞清楚为止,绝对不走过场。





introduce, strange, height, stone, guard, state,remain, separate, enemy, expect, treasure, suppose,include, pioneer, wise, influence, whom, lead,coast,birth, trade, university, pacific, degree, express,discovery, eastern, hang, Australian, below, leader,private, president, prize, neither, nor, trust,unit,complete, ton, fix, tool


a great number of 一些,许多

get to know 慢慢了解

in detail 详细地

lie in 位于

be worth doing 值得做……

a symbol of ……的象征

play an important part 起着重要作用

join together ……连接起来

separate from 分开

bring into带进,领进

be famous for ……而著名

along with ……一起

in the field of ……领域

in one’s thirties 在某人三十多岁时

pass away 去世,消失

set up 建立;设置

come to an end 结束

succeed in doing sth. 成功做了某事

die of/ from 死于……

make important contributions to ……做出了重大贡献

in charge of 主管,掌管

ring out 发出清脆的响声

neither... nor... 既不……也不……

struggle to do sth. 挣扎着去做某事

break out 爆发

get rid of 丢弃,摆脱

set free 解放,释放

break up 拆开;粉碎

according to 根据

continue to 继续

make fun of 嘲弄,取笑

a bit of 一点,少量

in memory of 纪念

home and abroad 国内外


1.China is a great country that has about 5 000years of history.

2. It’s abook which introduces China in detail.

3. It’s said that they’re powerful animals which guard the whole nation.

4. It also plays an important part in Chinese festivals.

5. The entire wall, which has many branches, is about 8 800 kilometers long.

6. The Great Wall is a treasure of Chinese civilization and it is regarded as a symbol of the Chinese nation.

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